Animals in New York

New York, located in the northeastern region of the United States, boasts diverse geography with rich flora and fauna. The state is divided into two main parts – Upstate and Downstate New York. Downstate is the most populous part, with the New York City metropolitan area. Most of the wildlife is in Upstate New York, with the Great Lakes on one side and Lake Champlain on the other. This is also where the Adirondack Mountains and the Catskill Mountains are located. The state’s varied terrain includes dense forests, fertile farmlands, and stunning waterways like Lake Ontario and the Hudson River. 

The Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge and Fire Island National Seashore are excellent places for wildlife watching in the state. Visiting the mountain ranges for a hike can also bring you closer to various wild animals.

Animals in New York (NY)

List of Different Types of Animals Found in New York

All the animals in the list below are native to the state of New York.


  • Eastern Moose
  • White-tailed Deer
  • Black Bear
  • Bobcat
  • Red Fox
  • Allegheny Woodrat
  • American Marten
  • North American Beaver
  • Fisher
  • Long-tailed Weasel
  • American Mink
  • Northern Short-tailed Shrew
  • Muskrat
  • New England Cottontail
  • Eastern Cottontail
  • Snowshoe Hare
  • Raccoon
  • American Badger
  • North American Porcupine
  • North American River Otter
  • Striped Skunk
  • Eastern Chipmunks
  • Eastern Gray Squirrels
  • Virginia Opossums
  • Star-nosed Mole
  • Woodland Jumping Mouse
  • Indiana Bat
  • Little Brown Bat
  • Northern Long-eared Bat
  • Harbour Seal
  • Harp Seal 
  • Gray Seal

Other animals that used to live here, but have been extirpated include the Canada lynx, cougar, and gray wolf.



  • Eastern Box Turtle
  • Common Snapping Turtle
  • Eastern Painted Turtle
  • Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
  • Timber Rattlesnake
  • Eastern Copperhead
  • Northern Ringneck Snake
  • Northern Water Snake
  • Eastern Garter Snake
  • Shorthead Garter Snake
  • Black Rat Snake
  • Eastern Milk Snake
  • Northern Black Racer
  • Eastern Hognose Snake
  • Northern Red-Bellied Snake
  • Smooth Green Snake
  • Northern Brown Snake
  • Eastern Ribbon Snake
  • Eastern Worm Snake
  • Queen Snake
  • Five-lined Skink
  • Northern Fence Lizard
  • Italian Wall Lizard
  • Northern Coal Skink


  • Eastern American Toad
  • Fowler’s Toad
  • Gray Treefrog
  • Northern Spring Peeper
  • American Bullfrog 
  • Northern Leopard Frog
  • Redback Salamander
  • Eastern Red-spotted Newt
  • Northern Dusky Salamander
  • Northern Two-lined Salamander
  • Northern Redback Salamander


  • Largemouth Bass
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Northern Pike
  • Walleye
  • Chain Pickerel
  • Muskellunge (Muskie)
  • Pumpkinseed
  • Brook Trout
  • Brown Trout
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Yellow Perch
  • Black Crappie
  • Bluegill
  • Lake Sturgeon
  • Channel Catfish
  • Striped Bass
  • Summer Flounder
  • Black Sea Bass
  • Winter Flounder
  • Bluefish
  • Blackfish
  • Scup
  • Atlantic Cod
  • American Eel
  • Weakfish
  • Oyster Toadfish
  • Monkfish
  • Atlantic Menhaden
  • Alewife
  • Atlantic Blacktip Shark
  • Smooth Hammerhead Shark
  • Spiny Dogfish
  • Blue Shark
  • Common Thresher

Insects and Invertebrates

  • Monarch Butterfly
  • Red-spotted Purple Butterfly
  • Karner Blue Butterfly
  • Northeastern Beach Tiger Beetle
  • American Burying Beetle
  • Whitespotted Pine Sawyer
  • Boxelder Bug 
  • Annual Cicadas
  • Cricket
  • Walkingstick
  • Firefly
  • Nine-spotted Ladybug
  • Grasshopper
  • Katydid
  • Grasshopper
  • Katydid
  • Bumblebee
  • Praying Mantis
  • Cockroach
  • Silverfish
  • Black And Yellow Garden Spider
  • Jumping Spider
  • Wolf Spider
State Animals of New York

State Animals of New York

State MammalNorth American Beaver
State BirdEastern Bluebird
State Freshwater FishBrook Trout
State Saltwater FishStriped Bass
State ReptileSnapping Turtle
State InsectNine-spotted Ladybug
State ButterflyRed-spotted Purple


What are the most dangerous animals in New York?

Some potentially dangerous animals you are likely to come across, even in urban areas, are common snapping turtles, raccoons, and skunks. There are few large predators in the state, except black bears, which you are only likely to encounter if you visit their wild habitat. There are also venomous and deadly snakes like the timber rattlesnake, Massasauga, and eastern copperhead. Moose and white-tailed deer can also be pretty aggressive if provoked, especially if their babies are around.

What are some rare animals in New York?

Plenty of animals are considered threatened or endangered in the state of New York, which makes them quite rare. These include mammals like the Indiana bat, Allegheny woodrat, and all the whales. Protected bird species include the golden eagle, piping plover, and black rail, while insects include the Karner blue butterfly and American burying beetle.

What are some common invasive animals in New York?

Some of the most common invasive species threatening the native wildlife and ecosystem of the state are insects like the hemlock woolly adelgid, spotted lanternfly, and spongy moth. Fish like the round goby and crustaceans like the Chinese mitten crab are also considered invasive and nuisance.

What nocturnal animals are you likely to encounter in New York?

Bats, owls, raccoons, skunks, opossums, badgers, and foxes are a few of the animals in New York that you will likely encounter at night.

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