Russian Animals

A limited number of species live in Russia due to the harsh conditions. Despite this, the country is home to a wide variety of biomes. These include tundra, temperate forests, prairies, and the Caucasus Mountains.

The animals that live here are specifically adapted to the extreme weather. For instance, reindeer thrive here as they can survive temperatures as low as −50 °C while also acting as a food source for carnivores like bears, lynxes, and wolverines. 

Russian Animals

List of Animals living in Russia




  • Asiatic Toad
  • Caucasian Parsley Frog
  • Caucasian Toad
  • Common Frog
  • Common Spadefoot
  • Common Toad
  • Dark-spotted Frog
  • Dybowski’s Frog
  • Eastern Spadefoot
  • Edible Frog
  • European Green Toad
  • European Fire-bellied Toad
  • European Tree Frog
  • Fischer’s Clawed Salamander
  • Hokkaidō Frog
  • Japanese Tree Frog
  • Long-legged Wood Frog
  • Oriental Fire-bellied Toad
  • Marsh Frog
  • Moor Frog
  • Mongolian Toad
  • Natterjack Toad
  • Northern Crested Newt 
  • Pool Frog
  • Schrenck Siberian Salamander
  • Siberian Salamander
  • Siberian Wood Frog
  • Smooth Newt
  • Southern Banded Newt
  • Southern Crested Newt


  • Amur Softshell Turtle
  • Amur Grass Lizard
  • Arrow Snake
  • Brauner’s Rock Lizard
  • Brilliant Ground Agama
  • Caspian Whipsnake
  • Caucasian Agama
  • Common Lizard
  • Common European Viper
  • Dice Snake
  • Dwarf Sand Boa
  • Dwarf Snake
  • European Cat Snake
  • European Pond Turtle
  • Gobi Racerunner
  • Grass Snake
  • Greek Tortoise
  • Japanese Keelback
  • Japanese Rat Snake
  • Meadow Lizard
  • Mongolia Racerunner
  • Mountain Grass Lizard
  • Multi-ocellated Racerunner
  • Red-bellied Racer Snake
  • Russian Tortoise
  • Sand Lizard
  • Schneider’s Skink
  • Smooth Snake
  • Steppe Ratsnake
  • Steppe-runner
  • Szczerbak’s Lizard
  • Tiger Keelback
  • Toad-headed Agama
  • Transcaucasian Ratsnake
  • Ussuri Pit Viper


  • 22-spot Ladybird Beetle
  • Comma Butterfly
  • Grey Dagger Moth
  • Peacock Butterfly
  • Small Tortoiseshell Butterfly



  • Northern Pike


1. What is Russia’s national animal?

Brown Bear

2. What are some of the most dangerous animals in Russia?

Brown bear, polar bear, Amur tiger, grey wolf, common northern viper.

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