- A-Z Animals
The harsh environment of the mountain makes it difficult for many creatures to live there. For those that do, they require a lot of evolutionary advantages developed over time, like thick fur and padded feet.
Generally, most mountain biomes consist of three types of forests – montane, subalpine, and alpine. Animals like snow leopards and ibexes live in montane forests, hares, cougars, and black bears in subalpine forests, and mountain goats in alpine forests.
Here’s a list of some of the above animals living at some extreme altitudes:
|Animal||Altitude (from lowest to highest)|
|Brown bear||16,400 ft|
|Himalayan tahr||16,400 ft|
|Bearded vulture||16,400 ft|
|Tibetan sand fox||17,100 ft|
|Himalayan marmot||17,100 ft|
|Tibetan gazelle||18,900 ft|
|Wild yak||20,000 ft|
|Alpine chough||21,300 ft|
Animals living in these habitats are at risk from climate change, habitat fragmentation, and wildfires.
Several creatures living in this habitat have been poached for their fur. These include chinchillas, chirus, snow leopards, etc. What makes matters worse is due to the small size of several of these animals, more than one needs to be killed to create usable clothing items. This has led to a decline in the population of several species, with the snow leopard being classified as “Vulnerable” by the IUCN.
American black bears, coyotes, white-tailed deer
Chinchillas, guanacos, llamas, mountain tapirs, vicuñas