Orioles are small birds part of the Icteridae family, commonly referred to as New World Orioles. The birds of the Old World, going by the name Old World orioles, aren’t similar, belonging to a different family altogether, the Oriolidae family. Yet, the two closely resemble each other in size, diet, plumage, and behavior. They thus form a perfect example of convergent evolution, unrelated to each other yet bearing similar traits.

Scientific Classification


Scientific Classification


One can observe orioles in the crowns of the treetops while their nests swing in the wind from the branches.

Types of Orioles
Types of Orioles

List of the Common Types of Oriole Species

There are 33 species of New World orioles, which include:

  • Baltimore Oriole
  • Scott’s Oriole
  • Yellow-backed Oriole
  • Epaulet Oriole
  • Audubon’s Oriole
  • Jamaican Oriole
  • Orange Oriole
  • Altamira Oriole
  • Yellow Oriole
  • Bullock’s Oriole
  • Streak-Backed Oriole
  • Black-Backed Oriole
  • Yellow-Tailed Oriole
  • Spot-Breasted Oriole
  • White-Edged Oriole
  • Campo Troupial
  • Venezuelan Troupial
  • Orange-Backed Troupial
  • Bar-winged Oriole
  • Black-Vented Oriole
  • Hooded Oriole
  • Black-Cowled Oriole
  • Orchard Oriole
  • Cuban Oriole
  • Bahama Oriole
  • Martinique Oriole
  • Puerto Rican Oriole
  • Montserrat Oriole
  • Saint Lucia Oriole
  • Hispaniolan Oriole
  • Orange-crowned Oriole
  • Variable Oriole


Physical Description and Appearance

Size: Length: 6-10 in (15.2 – 25.4 cm)

Weight: 2 oz

Body and Coloration: Notable sexual dimorphism exists amongst orioles. The females are both smaller and duller in color than the males. New World orioles have pointed beaks, with long feathered tails also present in some species.

Male Oriole

Orioles are brightly colored birds with contrasting dark and light feathers. Most of them are covered with yellow or orange feathers, with black patches on backs, heads, tails, and wings.

Female Oriole


Orioles are found throughout the Americas ad even Caribbean Islands. Some rare species have been spotted in Europe, mainly Britain and Ireland.

Oriole Range

Where do they live

They live in open woodlands in both deciduous and tropical environments.

How long do they live

New World orioles live for approximately 11 years in their wild habitat.

Oriole Bird Image

What do they eat

Omnivorous in nature, the New World orioles feed on berries, fruits, insects, and nectar.


  • They are primarily solitary, spotted either alone or as a mating pair.
  • The various species have a range of vocalizations, including warbling and whistling.
  • Orioles are very swift in flight, moving quickly from branch to branch.
  • These birds are diurnal, foraging for food during the day.
  • Depending on the weather, they will sun-bathe or rain-bathe.
Oriole Bird


  • The pointed bills of the orioles allow them to suck nectar from flowers quickly.
  • Some of the orioles, like the Baltimore oriole, have very bright plumage, conveying dominance over other members of their species.
Oriole Nest

How do they reproduce

They are generally monogamous, forming territorial pairs for mating. The nests of New World orioles look like long, elongated pouches.

Juvenile Oriole

Life Cycle

The hens lay 2-3 eggs, though nests of 6 have been seen in the wild. After she incubates these eggs for 12-14 days, they hatch. Both parents nurture their chicks for about two weeks after hatching.

Baby Oriole


Out of all the New World orioles, the Bahama oriole is “Critically Endangered.” The other species are not currently at risk as most of them have adjusted to the presence of human civilization.

Oriole Eggs

Oriole – FAQs

1. Do orioles migrate?

Like most birds, they migrate south once summer ends.

2. Where do orioles nest?

Orioles nest in trees like elms, maples, and cottonwoods.

3. Do orioles mate for life?

Yes, in general, they are monogamous and pair for life, but extra-pair copulation has also been recorded.

Pictures of Orioles

Interesting Facts

  • Icterus, a prominent genus of the Icterid family to which the New World orioles belong, has been derived from a Latin word translating to jaundice. The sight of this bird was possibly helpful in treating jaundice. The bird in question was the Eurasian golden oriole. Mathurin Jacques Brisson, who coined this term, used Icterus to refer to New world birds.

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