Asian Animals

The fauna of Asia includes animals living in the continent as well as the islands, seas, and oceans (Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea) surrounding it. The diverse habitats in Asia, from mountains to plateaus, plains to deserts, and variations in altitude, temperature, and rainfall make it home to various wildlife.

Fauna in Asia started from the Mesozoic Era or the Age of Reptiles (as alternately called) after the Laurasian supercontinent segregated from Gondwana.

Of the several zoogeographic regions encompassing Asia, the common ones include the European-Siberian area, where animals like the Siberian roe deer and moose are found. The Mediterranean Basin, a part of which is bordered by southwestern Asia, has around 13,000 species of plants and animals. The Middle-East desert region that includes the Arabian Desert has species like oryx, gazelles, spiny-tailed lizards, and sand cats. The Indochina area covering a significant part of Southeast Asia, including countries like Thailand, Myanmar, and Cambodia, has over 500 mammals, 1300 birds, 500 reptiles, and 300 amphibians.

The other regions in Asia, home to different animals, birds, reptiles, and insects, include Central Asia, West Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Philippines, and Sunda Shelf.

Asian Animals

List of Animals Living in Asia

Here is a list of some of the mammals, reptiles, birds, and insects native to Asia.

Mammals

  • Alai Mole Vole
  • Asian Elephant
  • Asian Golden Cat
  • Asian Palm Civet
  • Asiatic Black Bear
  • Asiatic Brush-Tailed Porcupine
  • Asiatic Cheetah
  • Asiatic Lion
  • Baiji
  • Beluga Whale
  • Bengal Tiger
  • Bharal
  • Binturong
  • Blackbuck
  • Bornean Orangutan
  • Bornean Smooth-tailed Treeshrew
  • Borneo Elephant
  • Brown Bear
  • Burmese Ferret-badger
  • Caracal
  • Clouded Leopard
  • Colugo
  • Colugos
  • Crab-eating Macaque
  • Dugong
  • Eastern Black-crested Gibbon
  • Four-horned Antelope
  • Gaur
  • Giant Panda
  • Great Gerbil
  • Great Jerboa
  • Honey Badger
  • Indian Elephant
  • Indian Rhino
  • Indochinese Tiger
  • Irrawaddy Dolphin
  • Japanese Macaque
  • Javan Mongoose
  • Javan Rhino
  • Kting Voar
  • Lar Gibbon
  • Malayan Tapir
  • Malayan Tiger
  • Markhor
  • Moose
  • Mountain Treeshrew
  • Narwhal
  • Nicobar Treeshrew
  • Northern Smooth-tailed Treeshrew
  • Palawan Treeshrew
  • Polar Bear
  • Proboscis Monkey
  • Przewalski’s Horse
  • Red Fox
  • Red Panda
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Sambar
  • Siamang
  • Siberian Roe Deer
  • Sloth Bear
  • Slow Loris
  • Snow Leopard
  • South China Tiger
  • Sperm Whale
  • Sumatran Tiger
  • Sumatran Orangutan
  • Sun Bear
  • Sunda Pangolin
  • Tapanuli Orangutan
  • Tibetan Antelope
  • Water Buffalo
  • Wild Bactrian Camel
  • Wild Boar
  • Yak

Reptiles

  • Andamans Krait 
  • Arakan Forest Turtle
  • Asian Brown Tortoise
  • Asian Grass Lizard
  • Asian Leaf Turtle 
  • Asian Pipe Snake
  • Assam Roofed Turtle 
  • Banded Krait 
  • Bengal Monitor
  • Blood Python
  • Brahminy Blind Snake
  • Brown Roofed Turtle 
  • Burmese Python
  • Central Asian Tortoise
  • Cochin Forest Cane Turtle 
  • Common Indian Krait 
  • Common Krait
  • Common Sand Boa
  • Crowned River Turtle 
  • Desert Monitor
  • Draco Lizard
  • Earless Monitor Lizard
  • False Gharial
  • Flatback Turtle
  • Gharial
  • Goalpara Grass Lizard 
  • Greater Black Krait 
  • Green Turtle
  • Hawksbill Sea Turtle
  • Hump-nosed Pit Viper
  • Impressed Tortoise
  • Indian Black Turtle 
  • Indian Cobra
  • Indian Earth Snake 
  • Indian Eyed Turtle 
  • Indian Rock Python
  • Indian Roofed Turtle 
  • Indian Star Tortoise
  • Indian Tent Turtle 
  •  Java Grass Lizard 
  • Keeled Box Turtle
  • Keeled Box Turtle 
  • King Cobra
  • Komodo Dragon
  • Lesser Black Krait 
  • Loggerhead Sea Turtle
  • Malayan Box Turtle 
  • Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle
  • Mugger Crocodile
  • Northeastern Hill Krait 
  • Ocellated Shieldtail
  • Oldham’s Leaf Turtle 
  • Olive Ridley Sea Turtle
  • Painted Roofed Turtle 
  • Phipson’s Shieldtail 
  • Red Sand Boa
  • Red-lined Earth Snake 
  • Red-spotted Earth Snake 
  • Reticulated Python
  • Russian Tortoise
  • Saltwater Crocodile
  • Shieldtail Earth Snake
  • Sindh Krait 
  • Small-spotted Lizard
  • Southern Earth Snake 
  • Spotted Pond Turtle 
  • Sri Lankan Krait 
  • Sri Lankan Pipe Snake
  • Three-striped Roofed Turtle 
  • Travancore Tortoise
  • Tricarinate Hill Turtle 
  • Water Monitor
  • Woodmason’s Earth Snake
  • Yellow Monitor

Birds

  • Andaman Teal
  • Arabian Ostrich
  • Bald Eagle
  • Cinereous Vulture
  • Common Ostrich
  • Dwarf Cassowary
  • Golden Eagle
  • Great Hornbill
  • Greater Flamingo
  • Green-winged Teal
  • Grey-headed Fish eagle
  • House Sparrow
  • Indian Peafowl
  • Magpie Goose
  • Negros Fruit Dove
  • Osprey
  • Painted Stork
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Philippine Eagle
  • Red-crowned Crane
  • Sunda Teal
  • White-bellied Heron
  • Zebra Dove

Insects

  • Asian Giant Hornet
  • Atlas Beetle
  • Cream-spot Ladybird,
  • Dark Blue Tiger Butterfly
  • Strawberry Blossom Weevil

Invertebrates

Fish

  • Golden Dottyback
  • Mekong Giant Catfish
  • Ribbon Eel
  • Siberian Taimen

FAQs

Q. Which animals are endemic to Southeast Asia?

A. Malayan tiger, Sumatran orangutan, Javan rhino, Philippine eagle, Burmese Ferret-badger

Q. Which animals are found in Central Asia?

A. Bactrian camel, alai mole vole, great gerbil, great jerboa

Q. Which animals are found in the Asian rainforest?

A. Sun bear, clouded leopard, proboscis monkey

Q. Which are the endangered animals in Asia?

A. South China tiger, Sunda pangolin, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran orangutan, White-bellied heron

Q. Which are the unique animals of Asia?

A. Proboscis monkey, draco lizard, Sunda pangolin, gharial, Malayan tapir