Mexican Animals

Mexico is known for its biodiversity, most notably for the amphibians and reptiles that live there. It is also a known destination for migratory birds to fly south during the winter.

There are a variety of biomes in Mexico, such as deserts, grasslands, mountains, shrublands, temperate forests, tropical forests, and wetlands. The country is home to several exotic species like the agouti, the spiny-tailed iguana, the quetzal, the axolotl, and the vaquita.

List of Animals living in Mexico

Mammals

  • Alcorn’s Pocket Gopher
  • Allen’s Yellow Bat
  • Allen’s Squirrel
  • Baja California Rock Squirrel
  • Banana Bat
  • Big Mexican Small-eared Shrew
  • Big Pocket Gopher
  • Black Jackrabbit
  • Buller’s Chipmunk
  • Buller’s Pocket Gopher
  • Burt’s Deer Mouse
  • Cacomistle
  • Central Mexican Broad-clawed Shrew
  • Chestnut-bellied Shrew
  • Chihuahua
  • Coati
  • Collie’s Squirrel
  • Cozumel Harvest Mouse
  • Cozumel Raccoon
  • Dickey’s Deer Mouse
  • Douglas Squirrel
  • Durango chipmunk
  • East Mexican Black Bear
  • Eva’s Desert Mouse
  • False Canyon Mouse
  • Fish-eating Bat
  • Goldman’s Pocket Gopher
  • Grayish Mouse Opossum
  • Guatemalan Broad-clawed Shrew
  • Hairy Fruit-eating Bat
  • Hairy Harvest Mouse
  • Hooper’s Mouse
  • Jaguar
  • Jalapan Pine Vole
  • Jico Deer Mouse
  • Large-eared Gray Shrew
  • Large-toothed Shrew
  • Little Yellow Bat
  • Merriam’s Pocket Gopher
  • Mexican Agouti
  • Mexican Big-eared Bat
  • Mexican Cottontail
  • Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
  • Mexican Howler
  • Mexican Prairie Dog
  • Mexican Shrew
  • Mexican Small-eared Shrew
  • Mexican Spider Monkey
  • Mexican Water Mouse
  • Mexican Wolf
  • Mexican Volcano Mouse
  • Michoacan Pocket Gopher
  • Nelson’s Kangaroo Rat
  • Nelson’s Small-eared Shrew
  • Northern Tamandua
  • Oaxacan Broad-clawed Shrew
  • Oaxacan Pocket Gopher
  • Ocelot
  • Omilteme Cottontail
  • Oriental Basin Pocket Gopher
  • Orizaba Long-tailed Shrew
  • Perote Ground Squirrel
  • Peters’s Squirrel
  • Pygmy Spotted Skunk
  • Ring-tailed Ground Squirrel
  • San Cristobal Shrew
  • San José Brush Rabbit
  • San Lorenzo Mouse
  • Santa Cruz Mouse
  • Schmidly’s Deer Mouse
  • Sclater’s Shrew
  • Sierra Madre Ground Squirrel
  • Slender Yellow Bat
  • Smoky Pocket Gopher
  • Southern Flying Squirrel
  • Tres Marias Cottontail
  • Tres Marías Island Mouse
  • Tres Marias Raccoon
  • Tropical Ground Squirrel
  • Tropical Pocket Gopher
  • Vaquita
  • Volcano Rabbit
  • West Indian Manatee
  • White-tailed Deer
  • Winkelmann’s Mouse
  • Zempoaltépec Vole

Birds

  • Ainley’s Storm Petrel
  • Altamira Yellowthroat
  • American Robin
  • Aztec Rail
  • Aztec Thrush
  • Baird’s Junco
  • Baja Pygmy Owl
  • Balsas Screech Owl
  • Banded Quail
  • Bearded Wood Partridge
  • Beautiful Sheartail
  • Belding’s Yellowthroat
  • Black-backed Oriole
  • Black-chested Sparrow
  • Black-polled Yellowthroat
  • Black-throated Magpie-jay
  • Blue-crowned Motmot
  • Blue Mockingbird
  • Bridled Sparrow
  • Bronze-winged Woodpecker
  • Brown Headed Cowbird
  • Cactus Wren
  • California Condor
  • Cinnamon-rumped Seedeater
  • Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird
  • Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow
  • Citreoline Trogon
  • Colima Pygmy Owl
  • Collared Towhee
  • Cozumel Emerald
  • Cozumel Thrasher
  • Cozumel Vireo
  • Crimson-collared Grosbeak
  • Clarión Wren
  • Doubleday’s Hummingbird
  • Dusky Hummingbird
  • Dwarf Vireo
  • Elegant Quail
  • Elf Owl
  • Ferruginous Hawk
  • Flammulated Flycatcher
  • Guerrero Brush Finch
  • Giant Wren
  • Golden-cheeked Woodpecker
  • Golden-crowned Emerald
  • Golden Vireo
  • Gray-barred Wren
  • Gray Thrasher
  • Grey-breasted Woodpecker
  • Grey-crowned Woodpecker
  • Guadalupe Junco
  • Happy Wren
  • Harpy Eagle
  • Hooded Yellowthroat
  • Juniper Titmouse
  • Keel-Billed Toucan
  • Lilac-crowned Amazon
  • Long-tailed Sabrewing
  • Long-tailed Wood Partridge
  • Mexican Barred Owl
  • Mexican Parrotlet
  • Mexican Sheartail
  • Mexican Woodnymph
  • Nava’s Wren
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • Oaxaca Hummingbird
  • Oaxaca Sparrow
  • Ocellated Thrasher
  • Ocellated Turkey
  • Orange-breasted Bunting
  • Pileated Flycatcher
  • Purplish-backed Jay
  • Quetzal
  • Red-breasted Chat
  • Red-headed Tanager
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Red Warbler
  • Rosita’s Bunting
  • Rufous-bellied Chachalaca
  • Rufous-capped Brushfinch
  • Russet Nightingale-thrush
  • Rusty-crowned Ground sparrow
  • San Benedicto Rock Wren
  • San Blas Jay
  • Scarlet Macaw
  • Sclater’s Wren
  • Short-crested Coquette
  • Sierra Madre Sparrow
  • Sinaloa Crow
  • Slaty Vireo
  • Socorro Mockingbird
  • Socorro Wren
  • Spotted Wren
  • Sumichrast’s Wren
  • Tamaulipas Pygmy Owl
  • Tawny-collared Nightjar
  • Transvolcanic Jay
  • Tres Marias Red-tailed Hawk
  • Tufted Jay
  • Tuxtla Quail-dove
  • Veracruz Wren
  • West Mexican Chachalaca
  • White-naped Swift
  • White-striped Woodcreeper
  • White-tailed Hummingbird
  • White-throated Towhee
  • Worthen’s Sparrow
  • Yucatan Gnatcatcher
  • Yucatan Wren

Amphibians

  • Arboreal Treefrog
  • Anderson’s Salamander
  • Aquatic Salamander
  • Axolotl
  • Big-footed Leopard Frog
  • Blunt-headed Salamander
  • Cave Splayfoot Salamander
  • Cloud Forest Tree Frog
  • Cofre de Perote Salamander
  • Common Mexican Tree Frog
  • Delicate-skinned Salamander
  • Forrer’s Grass Frog
  • Granular Salamander
  • Green-flecked Salamander
  • Lake Lerma Salamander
  • Lake Patzcuaro Salamander
  • Large-crested Toad
  • Leora’s Stream Salamander
  • Mexican Burrowing Toad
  • Mexican Cliff Frog
  • Mexican Leaf Frog
  • Mexican Madre Toad
  • Mexican Shovel-headed Treefrog
  • Mountain Tree Frog
  • Oaxacan Caecilian
  • Oaxaca Treefrog
  • Plateau Tiger Salamander
  • Puerto Hondo Stream Salamander
  • Red-Eyed Tree Frog
  • Rio Grande Chirping Frog
  • Sinaloa Toad
  • Southern Highland Tree Frog
  • Tarahumara Salamander
  • Taylor’s Salamander
  • Transverse Volcanic Leopard Frog
  • Yellow-peppered Salamander

Reptiles

  • Alamos Mud Turtle
  • Baja California Whiptail
  • Bogert’s Coral Snake
  • Bolson Tortoise
  • Bunch Grass Lizard
  • Carl Lieb’s Anole
  • Carmen Island Whiptail
  • Catalina Island Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Cerralvo Island Whiptail
  • Coahuilan Box Turtle
  • Colima Giant Whiptail
  • Colima Hognosed Pitviper
  • Conant’s Garter Snake
  • Cozumel Racerunner
  • Creaser’s Mud Turtle
  • Cuatro Ciénegas Softshell
  • Davis’ Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Del Campo’s Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Duellman’s Pigmy Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Dunn’s Hognosed Pitviper
  • Durango Night Lizard
  • Eastern Racer
  • El Muerto Island Speckled Rattlesnake
  • Espiritu Santo Whiptail
  • Fer-de-lance
  • Flathead Knob-scaled Lizard
  • Forest Ground Skink
  • Four-toed Worm Lizard
  • Fox’s Mountain Meadow Snake
  • Guerreran Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Giant Blind Snake
  • Godman’s Garter Snake
  • Goldenhead Garter Snake
  • Gopher Snake
  • Grimser’s Collared Lizard
  • Isla Cerralvo Sator
  • Isla Monserrate Whiptail
  • Isla San José Whiptail
  • Lane’s Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Leatherback Sea Turtle
  • Liner’s Garter Snake
  • Longnose Garter Snake
  • Longtail Alpine Garter Snake
  • Many-lined Whiptail
  • Mexican Alligator Lizard
  • Mexican Horned Pitviper
  • Mexican Mole Lizard
  • Mexican Milk Snake
  • Mexican Pigmy Whiptail
  • Mexican Racerunner
  • Mexican Spiny-tailed Iguana
  • Mexican West Coast Rattlesnake
  • Mexican Whiptail
  • Mexican Yellow-bellied Brown Snake
  • Mexican Yellow-lipped Viper
  • Montane Garter Snake
  • Nolasco Spiny-tailed Iguana
  • Oaxaca Burrowing Snake
  • Oaxaca Mud Turtle
  • Oaxacan Coral Snake
  • Oaxacan Dwarf Boa
  • Oaxacan Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Oaxacan Small-headed Rattlesnake
  • Omilteman Small-headed Rattlesnake
  • Opata Whiptail
  • Ornate Slider
  • Pacific Coast Parrot Snake
  • Pallid Knob-scaled Lizard
  • Pardita Norte Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Pueblan Milk Snake
  • Rio Marquez Valley Gecko
  • Rock Horned Lizard
  • Rodeck’s Whiptail
  • Rossman’s Garter Snake
  • Sack’s Spotted Whiptail
  • San Francisco Island Whiptail
  • San Lucan Gecko
  • San Lucan Skink
  • San Pedro Martir Whiptail
  • Sierra Mije Earth Snake
  • Short-tail alpine Garter Snake
  • Smith’s Arboreal Alligator Lizard
  • Sonoran Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Southern Durango Spotted Garter Snake
  • Sumichrast’s Garter Snake
  • Tamaulipan Montane Garter Snake
  • Tepalcatepec Valley Garter Snake
  • Tepalcatepec Valley Whiptail
  • Three-toed Worm Lizard
  • Tzotzil Montane Pitviper
  • Western Mexico Whiptail
  • Yaqui Slider
  • Yellow-throated Garter Snake
  • Yucatán Hognosed Pitviper

Insects

  • Monarch Butterfly

Invertebrates

  • Brown Sea Cucumber
  • Elkhorn Coral
  • Mexican Redknee Tarantula
  • Smith’s Redknee Tarantula

FAQs

What is Mexico’s national animal?

Golden Eagle

What are some of the most dangerous animals in Mexico?

Mexican West Coast Rattlesnake, Jaguar, and Fer-de-lance

What are the most endangered animals in Mexico?

Vaquita, Leatherback Sea Turtle, Mexican Gray Wolf, Scarlet Macaw, Jaguar, etc.