Birds of Mexico

With over 1100 birds living in the country, it should not be a surprise that Mexico is one of the megadiverse nations of the world. In fact, it is currently the 4th most biodiverse country on the planet. The avifauna here thrive in these various habitats, several of which are protected by the government.

The stunning Golden Eagle is the national bird of Mexico. Other notable species include the Resplendent Quetzal, the Crested Caracara, and the Roseate Spoonbill.

Birds of Mexico

List of Common Birds Found in Mexico

Birds of Prey

  • American Kestrel
  • Aplomado Falcon
  • Crested Caracara
  • Golden Eagle
  • Gray Hawk
  • Harris’s Hawk
  • Northern Harrier
  • Ornate Hawk-eagle
  • Osprey
  • Roadside Hawk
  • White-tailed Hawk

Shore Birds

  • American Avocet
  • Black-necked Stilt
  • Long-billed Curlew
  • Marbled Godwit
  • Red Knot
  • Sanderling
  • Snowy Plover
  • Whimbrel
  • Willet
  • Wilson’s Plover

Sea Birds

  • Black Skimmer
  • Brown Pelican
  • Caspian Tern
  • Elegant Tern
  • Heermann’s Gull
  • Laughing Gull
  • Least Tern
  • Magnificent Frigatebird
  • Royal Tern
  • Western Gull

Tropical Birds

  • Blue-crowned Motmot
  • Great Kiskadee
  • Green Jay
  • Keel-billed Toucan
  • Montezuma Oropendola
  • Orange-fronted Parakeet
  • Resplendent Quetzal
  • Turquoise-browed Motmot
  • Violaceous Trogon
  • Yellow-headed Amazon

Water Birds

Common Mexican Birds by Color

Black Birds

  • Black Vulture
  • Common Raven
  • Great-tailed Grackle
  • Groove-billed Ani
  • Red-billed Pigeon
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird

White Birds

Gray Birds

  • Ash-throated Flycatcher
  • Gray-crowned Yellowthroat
  • Gray Hawk
  • Gray Silky-flycatcher
  • Inca Dove
  • White-throated Magpie-Jay

Brown Birds

  • Brown Jay
  • Canyon Towhee
  • House Sparrow
  • Northern Flicker
  • Rufous-capped Warbler
  • Spotted Towhee

Red Birds

Blue Birds

  • Blue-black Grassquit
  • Blue Bunting
  • Blue-crowned Motmot
  • Blue Jay
  • Blue Mockingbird

Green Birds

  • Elegant Trogon
  • Green Hermit
  • Green Jay
  • Green Kingfisher
  • Green Parakeet

Yellow Birds

  • Altamira Oriole
  • Northern Parula
  • Yellow Grosbeak
  • Yellow-headed Parrot
  • Yellow Warbler

Thanks to the many birds found here, Mexico is a paradise for birdwatchers. Some Mexican birding hotspots include El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve, and Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, the last being a UNESCO World Heritage site. Generally, the best time for birdwatching in Mexico is during the winter months and the spring migration period.


1. What is the largest bird in Mexico?

The American White Pelican is the largest bird living in Mexico today.

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