Atlantic Cod

Atlantic cod is a renowned demersal food fish of the Gadidae family. It is also known as haberdine, codling and most popularly as cod. Find out all about this amazing sea fish in the article below.

Scientific Classification

Gadus morhua

Table Of Content

Scientific Classification

Gadus morhua

Description & Anatomy

Weight : An average Atlantic cod weighs upto almost 96 kg.

Size : This fish can grow to the length of 2 meter.

Color : These fish have grey or green colored scales. Sometimes they can also come in reddish or brownish shades. Their underneath parts are whitish in color. Their lateral lines are pale

Head : Their mouths open huge given their upper jaws and gills stretch wide.

Body : Their bodies are oval shaped. However their tails are square-ish.


World’s largest hub of this fish is north-eastern Arctic areas, namely Arcto-Norwegian. It is also majorly found in Greenland. Coastal area of Europe, from Barents Sea to Bay of Biscay is another hub of this species of fish.

Atlantic Cod Picture Picture 1 – Atlantic Cod


This fish tends to inhabit temperature climes with long winters. They mostly live in the shallow areas to the deeper zones of the sea.


Atlantic cod is very interesting to observe.

  • Though it is a big fish still it diets on shrimps.
  • It stays near the shallow areas mostly, and sometimes in the deeper zones of the seas.
  • For reproducing these fishes always choose deeper zones. Those which do not stay in much depth they also shift to deeper water levels.
  • This species of fish spawn in winters.


This species of fish primarily diet on water shrimps.

Nutrition Facts

This fish is considered quite nutritious. Find out its detailed nutrition content in the chart below.

Nutrients Amount
Water 136.66 g
Carbs 0 g
Calories 189
Fiber 0 g
Protein 41.9 g
Total fat 1.55 g
Calcium 25.20 mg
Magnesium 75.60 mg
Iron 0.88 mg
Phosphorus 248.40 mg
Sodium 140.40 mg
Potassium 439.20 mg
Zinc 1.04 mg
Manganese 0.04 mg
Copper 0.06 mg
Selenium 67.68 mcg
Vitamin A 84.60 IU
Vitamin B6 0.51 mg
Vitamin B12 1.89 mcg
Vitamin C 1.80 mg
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.46 mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 0.18 mcg
Riboflavin (B2) 0.14 mg
Thiamine (B1) 0.16 mg
Niacin (B3) 4.52 mg
Folic acid/Folate (B9) 14.40 mcg
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.32 mg
Valine 2.12 mg
Tryptophan 0.46 g
Threonine 1.80 g
Phenylalanine 1.60 g
Methionine 1.22 g
Lysine 3.77 g
Leucine 3.34 g
Isoleucine 1.89 g
Caffeine 0.00 mg
Alcohol 0.00 g

Reproducing Season

These fishes are known to be winter spawners. They spawn in November and December.

Images of Atlantic Cod Picture 2 – Atlantic Cod Image


Both genders of this species of fish reach reproductive maturity by the age of 5 years to 6 years. The number of eggs laid by female Atlantic cods in each spawning season depends on their age and size. They spawn in quite in-depth of water level, about 350 ft deep. The fishes that inhabit inshore move to offshore during reproduction.

Incubation period varies between 10 days and 40 days. Length of the incubation period depends upon the temperature of the water level where the eggs are being laid.

Life Span

Atlantic cods have been observed to live for about 25 years.


Many fishes prey on young Atlantic cods and even the larvae. Grown up Atlantic cods are so big that they hardly have any predator apart from sharks and whales.


These fishes are so huge in size that they hardly have any predator of the grown up fishes, thus no adaptive feature or defense mechanism is required by them.

Conservation Status: Vulnerable

Atlantic cod has been listed as Vulnerable by IUCN, which means its existence is under threat.


This species is a white flesh fish and very nutritious. Hence, this fish is being eaten in many forms.

Interesting Facts

Find out some of the most interesting points about Atlantic cod in below.

  • Being one of the biggest fishes of the aquatic world this fish diets on shrimps.
  • Irrespective of whatever depth of water they usually live in, they go into deeper levels to reproduce.
  • This fish is so big in size in adult stage that it hardly has any predator apart from whales and dolphins.
  • This fish is very nutritious and tasty. Thus it is used as a delicacy in many casual cuisines.
  • Despite being huge in size and without much predator, this species stands in a vulnerable state in terms of their existence on Earth.


Check out the pictures of this gorgeous fish below.

Pictures of Atlantic Cod Picture 3 – Atlantic Cod Picture

Photos of Atlantic Cod Picture 4 – Atlantic Cod Photo

One thought on “Atlantic Cod

  1. JDR says:

    What? 96 kg is over 200 lbs. That would be the largest cod in history. Do you mean 9.6 kg?

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