Animals in New Hampshire

New Hampshire is the 5th smallest US state in terms of area. It is located in the New England region, where the  Great North Woods in the north and the White Mountains along the north-central side comprise most of the state. Apart from the rugged White Mountains, its landscape encompasses tranquil lakes (such as Lake Winnipesaukee) and the scenic Atlantic coastline. Despite its small size, the state is well-known for its dense forests, where abundant flora and fauna thrive.

Though there are no notable state or national parks in the state, several wildlife refuges provide ample opportunities to take a look at the native animals and birds. A few notable ones include the Appalachian Trail and Franconia Notch State Park.

Animals in New Hampshire (NH)

List of Different Types of Animals Found in New Hampshire


Populations of Predators like the cougar, wolverine, and gray fox has been eradicated from the state of New Hampshire. The same has happened for eastern elk.


  • Purple Finch
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Black-capped Chickadee
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Blue Jay
  • Piping Plover
  • Roseate Tern
  • Upland Sandpiper
  • American Kestrel




  • Brook Trout
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Brown Trout
  • Striped Bass
  • Largemouth Bass
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Chain Pickerel
  • Northern Pike
  • Bluegill
  • Pumpkinseed
  • Yellow Perch
  • White Perch
  • Black Crappie
  • Sunfish
  • Rock Bass
  • Walleye
  • Atlantic Salmon
  • Alewife
  • American Shad
  • Landlocked Salmon
  • Yellowfin Tuna
  • Bluefin Tuna
  • American Eel

Insects and Invertebrates

The list includes both native and non-native insects that are found in New Hampshire.

  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
  • Monarch Butterfly
  • Karner Blue
  • American Lady Butterfly
  • Ladybug
  • Luna Moth
  • Eastern Amberwing
  • Common Green Darner
  • Six-spotted Tiger Beetle
  • Dog-day Cicada
  • Carpenter Bee
  • Dobsonfly
  • Eastern Leaf-footed Bug
  • Eastern Mud Dauber Wasp
  • Eastern Boxelder Bug
  • Eastern Harvestman Spider
  • Black Widow
  • Brown Recluse
  • American House Spider
State Animals of New Hampshire

State Animals of New Hampshire

State AnimalWhite-tailed Deer
State BirdPurple Finch
State RaptorRed-tailed Hawk
State Freshwater Game FishBrook Trout
State Saltwater Game FishStriped Bass
State AmphibianRed-spotted Newt
State InsectLadybug
State ButterflyKarner Blue
State SpiderDaring Jumping Spider
State DogChinook


What are the most dangerous animals in New Hampshire?

American black bears, coyotes, and bobcats are the most dangerous animals in the state. Ungulates like moose, white-tailed deer can also become aggressive if provoked. Additionally, there are deadly snakes and spiders like the timber rattlesnake, black widow, and brown recluse.

Are there any endangered animals in New Hampshire?

Almost 50 native species are considered threatened or endangered in the state. These include mammals like big brown bats, Canada lynx, and humpback whales; fishes like brook trout, alewife, and American eel; reptiles like timber rattlesnake and eastern box turtle; amphibians like Jefferson salamander and northern leopard frog; and birds like piping plover, upland sandpiper, and American kestrel.

What are some common invasive animals in New Hampshire?

Some invasive species in the state include Asian longhorned beetle, emerald ash borer, spotted lanternfly, and common carp (fish).

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