Woodpeckers in New Hampshire

A total of nine woodpecker species call New Hampshire home. Among them, the downy is the smallest at 6.1 inches. It closely resembles the hairy, which is slightly larger. The largest is the pileated woodpecker at 17.5 inches, characterized by a loud call with a rising and falling pitch. Although relatively scarce, their numbers are rising every year.

Not all these birds are year-round residents of the Granite State. The red-bellied and red-headed woodpeckers typically travel south during the winter, but they might overwinter in localities with ample backyard feeders. The northern flicker is another migratory species that travels through the state in the winter and fall. The yellow-bellied sapsucker has a breeding range here and can be seen in the spring and summer. 

Woodpeckers in New Hampshire (NH)

Different Types of Woodpeckers Found in New Hampshire

NameIdentifying FeaturesWhere They Are Found in New Hampshire
Downy WoodpeckerSmall size, black and white plumageCommon throughout the state, found in woodlands and urban areas
Hairy WoodpeckerLarger than Downy, black and white plumageCommon in forests and wooded areas, especially in the north
Northern FlickerBrown with black bars on back, white rump patch, spotted breastFound in various habitats, including woodlands, open areas, and urban areas
Pileated WoodpeckerLarge size, black with white stripes on face and neckMostly in large tracts of mature forests, less common in urban areas
Red-bellied WoodpeckerRed wash on belly, black and white plumageOccasional, found in forests with mature trees throughout the state
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerBlack and white plumage, yellow wash on bellyOccurs in deciduous and mixed forests, particularly during migration
Black-backed WoodpeckerBlack plumage with white stripes on the backRarely seen, typically found in coniferous forests in the northern part of the state
Red-headed WoodpeckerRed head and neck, black back and wingsVery rare, occasional sightings reported in open woodlands and forests
American Three-toed WoodpeckerBlack and white plumage, three-toed feetRare and localized, found in coniferous forests, especially in the White Mountains

The most common woodpecker species in New Hampshire are the downy, hairy, red-headed woodpeckers, and the northern flicker. The American three-toed woodpecker is an accidental species residing in the state, and the red-bellied woodpecker occurs occasionally.

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