Animals in Alabama

Alabama boasts a varied topography allowing the state to have over 50 different wildlife habitats, from meadows and woodlands to wetlands and dense forests. The weather here remains warm and humid almost throughout the year. These factors make the state ideal for wildlife to grow and prosper. It claims the 5th spot in the list of US States with the highest biodiversity, after California, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.

About 62 native mammals, including 22 rodents and 16 bats, and over 400 birds are found in Alabama. Additionally, there are countless insects, reptiles, and amphibians.

The following list primarily includes the native species from the state. As for invasive species, there are quite a few rodents, like the black and brown rat, house mouse, and nutria. The fallow deer, wild boar, Indo-Pacific gecko, and brown anole are also among the introduced species.

Animals in Alabama (AL)

List of Different Types of Animals Found in Alabama




  • American Alligator
  • Eastern Box Turtle
  • Eastern Painted Turtle
  • Common Snapping Turtle
  • Eastern River Cooter
  • Alabama Red-bellied Turtle
  • Eastern Mud Turtle
  • Gulf Coast Box Turtle
  • Five-lined Skink
  • Ground Skink
  • Eastern Fence Lizard
  • Eastern Glass Lizard
  • Green Anole
  • Eastern Worm Snake
  • Eastern Garter Snake
  • Eastern Ribbon Snake
  • Northern Water Snake
  • Eastern Kingsnake
  • Diamondback Water Snake
  • Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Eastern Coral Snake
  • Eastern Rat Snake
  • Black Racer
  • Broad-headed Skink
  • Northern Pine Snake
  • Eastern King Snake
  • Rainbow Snake
  • Corn Snake
  • Eastern Hognose Snake
  • Rough Green Snake
  • Southeastern Crowned Snake
  • Black Kingsnake
  • Speckled Kingsnake
  • Southern Ringneck Snake
  • Pine Woods Snake



  • Largemouth Bass
  • Bluegill
  • Atlantic Tarpon
  • Channel Catfish
  • Black Crappie
  • Redeye Bass
  • Striped Bass
  • Spotted Bass
  • White Crappie
  • Blue Catfish
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Flathead Catfish
  • Smallmouth Bass
  • Freshwater Drum
  • White Bass
  • Alabama Shad
  • Chain Pickerel
  • Sauger
  • Paddlefish
  • Shoal Bass
  • Yellow Perch
  • Bullhead Catfish
  • Alligator Gar
  • Muskellunge

Snails and Molluscs

  • Tulotoma Snail
  • Paint Rock River Mussel
  • Sheepnose Mussel
  • Shinyrayed Pocketbook
  • Washbag Pigtoe

Insect and Invertebrates

State Animals of Alabama

Alabama State Animals
State MammalAmerican Black Bear
State HorseRacking Horse
State BirdNorthern Flicker
State Game BirdWild Turkey
State ReptileAlabama Red-bellied Turtle
State AmphibianRed Hills Salamander
State Saltwater FishAtlantic Tarpon
State Freshwater FishLargemouth Bass
State InsectMonarch Butterfly
State ButterflyEastern Tiger Swallowtail


1. What is the most dangerous animal in Alabama?

With such diverse fauna, several animals can be dangerous to humans, including the diamondback rattlesnake, black widow spider, American black bear, cougar, and American alligator.

2. What animals in Alabama are endangered?

Almost all turtles in the world are threatened, with the Endangered ones found in this state including the green sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle, and Kemp’s ridley sea turtle. The State Amphibian Red Hills salamander has also become quite rare as it is now a Threatened species according to IUCN. The Gray bat and sperm whale are two native mammals, with their population classified as Vulnerable.

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