Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons in Alabama

With its great diversity in landscapes, surrounded by the Appalachian Mountains in the north and the Gulf Coast in the south, Alabama boasts extensive flora and fauna. Numerous species of birds are found here, be it songbirds, waterbirds, or birds of prey. Speaking of birds of prey, the Heart of Dixie is home to several species of hawks, falcons, and other similar raptors. Quite a few come to visit in spring and winter as well.

Hawks Eagles and Falcons in Alabama (AL)

List of Different Types of Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons in Alabama


Both the native eagles of North America are found here in Alabama:


When talking about ‘hawks,’ people usually refer to several birds within the family Accipitridae, which includes hawks with eagles and kites. The Buteo genus within this family include the ‘true hawks’ and buzzards. At the same time, certain members from the Accipiter genusare also considered hawks and are included in the list below.

  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Rough-legged Hawk
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Swainson’s Hawk
  • Ferruginous Hawk
  • Short-tailed Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk



  • Osprey


  • Northern harrier

The state has almost a dozen National Wildlife Refuges with such rich wildlife. Places like the Dauphin Island Bird Sanctuary, Henry Lock and Dam, and the Guntersville Lake and Dam can be an excellent start to spot one of these birds – especially the most common species like the red-shouldered hawk and bald eagles. The Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge and the Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge also offer a wide range of wildlife, including birds and raptors.

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