Birds of Texas

Texas has around 655 species, as accepted by the Texas Ornithological Society’s Texas Bird Records Committee. Of these birds, 164 are on the review list, six are introduced, and two are extinct. The species that have ceased to live in Texas include the passenger pigeon and Carolina parakeet.

Texas has several bird species, either residing all year round or seasonally. However, each region has few indigenous species.

For instance, the Rio Grande Valley in South Texas is home to birds like the buff-bellied hummingbird, green jay, gray hawk, and olive sparrow. The common backyard birds of central Texas include the lesser goldfinch, house finch, and American robin. While birds like spotted towhee and yellow-rumped warbler frequent the state’s central part in winter. Common species of west Texas are western grebe and Swainson’s hawk.

The northern mockingbird, known for its unique singing ability, has been the official state bird of Texas since 1927.

Birds of Texas

  • Northern Mockingbird
  • Red-Tailed Hawk
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Black-Bellied Whistling-Duck
  • Brown-headed Cowbird
  •  Sandhill Crane
  • Neotropic Cormorant
  • Turkey Vulture
  • Cattle Egret
  • Killdeer
  • Mottled Duck
  • American Coot
  • Common Pauraque
  • Green Kingfisher
  • Gray Hawk
  • Burrowing Owl
  • White-Tipped Dove
  • Least Tern
  • Crested Caracara
  • Harris’s Hawk
  • Lesser Prairie-Chicken
  • Whooping Crane
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove
  • Buff-Bellied Hummingbird
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Blue Jay
  • Black-Crested Titmouse
  • Golden-Cheeked Warbler
  • Pyrrhuloxia
  • Vermilion Flycatcher
  • House Sparrow
  • Golden-Fronted Woodpecker
  • Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher
  • Great Egret
  • Green Jay
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Northern Harrier
  • Snowy Egret
  • White-tailed Hawk
  • American Kestrel
  • Purple Martin
  • Double-crested Cormorant
  • Green Heron
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
  • Inca Dove
  • Blue-winged Teal
  • Olive Sparrow
  • Chimney Swift
  • Wood Stork
  • Black Vulture
  • Turkey Vulture
  • Mississippi Kite
  • Eastern Phoebe
  • American Crow
  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  • Red-headed Woodpecker
  • Eastern Screech Owl

Birds of Prey: Red-Tailed Hawk, Cooper’s Hawk, Northern Harrier, White-tailed Hawk, Black Vulture

Backyard Birds:

All-year-round : Blue Jay, Northern Cardinal, Northern Mockingbird, American Crow, Eastern Bluebird

Migratory Birds

In Summer: Red-shouldered Hawk, Chimney Swift, Purple Martin, Mourning Dove, Mississippi Kite

In Winter : Carolina Chickadee, White-winged Dove, Blue-winged Teal, American Kestrel , Eastern Phoebe

Water Birds: Great Blue Heron, Wood Stork, Sandhill Crane, Snowy Egret, Great Egret

Common Birds Identification by Color

Black Birds

  • Great-tailed Grackle
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Brown-headed Cowbird
  • Rusty Blackbird
  • Yellow headed Blackbird

Red Birds

  • Northern Cardinal
  • Summer Tanager
  • Red-headed Woodpecker
  • Pyrrhuloxia
  • Rose Breasted Grosbeak

Blue Birds

  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Mountain Bluebird
  • Western Bluebird
  • Blue Jay
  • Great Blue Heron