Birds of Texas

Texas has around 650 species, as accepted by the Texas Ornithological Society’s Texas Bird Records Committee. Of these birds, around 160 are on the review list, 6 are introduced, and 2 are extinct. The extinct species are the passenger pigeon and the Carolina parakeet.

Texas has several bird species, either residing all year round or seasonally. However, each region has few indigenous species.

For instance, the Rio Grande Valley in South Texas is home to birds like the buff-bellied hummingbird, green jay, gray hawk, and olive sparrow. The common backyard birds of central Texas include the lesser goldfinch, house finch, and American robin. While birds like spotted towhee and yellow-rumped warbler frequent the state’s central part in winter. Common species of west Texas are western grebe and Swainson’s hawk.

The northern mockingbird, known for its unique singing ability, has been the official state bird of Texas since 1927.

Birds of Texas

Birds of Prey: Red-tailed Hawk, Cooper’s Hawk, Northern Harrier, White-tailed Hawk, Black Vulture

Backyard Birds: All-year-round: Blue Jay, Northern Cardinal, Northern Mockingbird, American Crow, Eastern Bluebird

Migratory Birds: In SummerRed-shouldered Hawk, Chimney Swift, Purple Martin, Mourning Dove, Mississippi Kite

In Winter – Carolina Chickadee, White-winged Dove, Blue-winged Teal, American Kestrel, Eastern Phoebe

Water Birds: Great Blue Heron, Wood Stork, Sandhill Crane, Snowy Egret, Great Egret

Birds of South, North, East, West, and Central Texas

South Texas Birds
North Texas Birds
East Texas Birds
West Texas Birds
Central Texas Birds

Common Birds Identification by Color

Black Birds

  • Great-tailed Grackle
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Brown-headed Cowbird
  • Rusty Blackbird
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird

Red Birds

  • Northern Cardinal
  • Summer Tanager
  • Red-headed Woodpecker

Blue Birds

  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Mountain Bluebird
  • Western Bluebird
  • Blue Jay
  • Great Blue Heron

Yellow Birds

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