Birds of Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous state in the United States of America, with most of the population concentrated in the eastern and western parts. The central part mostly has farmlands, forests, and mountainous terrain, thus being more prominent as a birding hotspot. Besides this, the Pennsylvania side of Lake Erie in the north-western corner of the state has a 43-mile shoreline, being a favorite spot habitat for water and migratory birds.

The Pennsylvania Ornithological Records Committee accepts 435 bird species living in Pennsylvania, according to the July 2020 list.

The ruffled grouse has been designated as Pennsylvania’s official state bird since 1931.

Birds of Pennsylvania

  • Ruffed Grouse
  • American Goldfinch
  • Turkey Vulture
  • Golden Eagle
  • Black Vulture
  • Northern Harrier
  • Bald Eagle
  • Osprey
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • American Kestrel
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Merlin
  • Eastern Screech Owl
  • Snowy Owl
  • Northern Bobwhite
  • Barred Owl
  • Long-eared Owl
  • Wild Turkey
  • American Crow
  • Gray-cheeked Thrush
  • Ring-necked Pheasant
  • American Black Duck
  • Belted Kingfisher
  • Rock Pigeon
  • Mourning Dove
  • Chimney Swift
  • Eastern Phoebe
  • Wood Duck
  • Horned Lark
  • Purple Martin
  • Wood Thrush
  • Barn Swallow
  • Cackling Goose
  • Sedge Wren
  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Marsh Wren
  • American Robin
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • Prairie Warbler
  • European Starling
  • Indigo Bunting
  • Yellow-breasted Chat
  • Black-capped Chickadee
  • Song Sparrow
  • Chipping Sparrow
  • Common Grackle
  • Brown-headed Cowbird
  • Blackpoll Warbler
  • House Finch
  • Canada Goose
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Pileated Woodpecker
  • Carolina Wren
  • Blue Jay
  • Long-tailed Duck
  • Cedar Waxwing

Birds of Prey: American Kestrel, Golden Eagle, Bald Eagle, Turkey Vulture, Red-tailed Hawk

Backyard Birds:

All-year-round: American Goldfinch, Ruffed Grouse, Song Sparrow, House Finch, Downy Woodpecker

Migratory Birds:

In Summer: Cedar Waxwing, Wood Thrush, Northern Flicker, Blackpoll Warbler, Gray-cheeked Thrush

In Winter: Northern Cardinal, Black-capped Chickadee, Blue Jay, Mourning Dove, Downy Woodpecker

Water Birds: Canada Goose, Cackling Goose, Long-tailed Duck, American Black Duck, Wood Duck

Common Birds Identification by Color

Yellow Birds

  • American Goldfinch
  • Yellow Warbler
  • Yellow-breasted Chat
  • Wilson’s Warbler
  • Myrtle Warbler

Blue Birds

  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Blue Jay

Red Birds

Black Birds

  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Common Grackle
  • European Starling
  • Bobolink
  • Rusty Blackbird