Birds of Minnesota

Minnesota has around 446 bird species documented in October 2020, which the Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union Records Committee or MOURC also accepts. Of the species, 89 are accidental, 41 casual, eight introduced, one extirpated, and two extinct. The passenger pigeon and Eskimo curlew are the two extinct birds that no longer inhabit Minnesota.

The sandhill crane, the largest among all Minnesota birds, is commonly seen here between March and April, though it was rare at one point in time. Regarding the smaller birds, house sparrow, house finch, and American goldfinch top the list.

The common loon with a black and white body and red eyes has been the state bird of Minnesota since 1961.

Birds of Minnesota

  • American Crow
  • Common Loon
  • Canada Goose
  • American Goldfinch
  • American Robin
  • Snowy Bunting
  • House Sparrow
  • House Finch
  • Blue-winged Teal
  • Double Crested Cormorant
  • Mallard
  • Osprey
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Canvasaback
  • Turkey Vulture
  • Bald Eagle
  • Lapland Longspur
  • Wood Duck
  • Snowy Owl
  • Barn Owl
  • Blue Jay
  • Boreal owl
  • Great Gray Owl
  • Lesser Scaup
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Song Sparrow
  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Evening Grosbeak
  • Ring-necked Pheasant
  • Great Horned Owl
  • Barred Owl
  • Gyrfalcon
  • Mourning Dove
  • Long-eared Owl
  • Allen’s Hummingbird
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Black-backed Woodpecker
  • Pileated Woodpecker
  • Sandhill Crane
  • Northern Flicker
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker
  • Common Snipe
  • American Coot
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • Eastern Phoebe
  • Prairie Falcon
  • Trumpeter Swan
  • Ruffled Grouse
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Tundra Swan
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse
  • Spruce Grouse

Backyard Birds:

All-year-round: American Goldfinch, Northern Cardinal, Chipping Sparrow, Blue Jay, Song Sparrow

Migratory Birds:

In Summer: Common Loon, Evening Grosbeak, Black-backed Woodpecker, Ruffled Grouse, Northern Goshawk

In Winter: House Sparrow, Black-capped Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Snowy Bunting

Birds of Prey: Red-tailed Hawk, Red-shouldered Hawk, Osprey, Bald Eagle , Great Horned Owl

Water Birds: Wood Duck,Common Tern,Great Blue Heron, Black-crowned Night Heron, Great Egret

Rare Birds: Vermillion Flycatcher,Neotropic Cormorant, Blue Grosbeak, Mute Swan

Common Birds Identification by Color

Black Birds

  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Brewer’s Blackbird
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird
  • Rusty Blackbird
  • Orchard Oriole

Yellow Birds

  • Yellow Warbler
  • Common Yellowthroat
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird
  • Yellow-rumped  Warbler
  • American Goldfinch

Red Birds

Blue Birds

  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Blue Jay
  • Blue-winged Teal