Birds of Maryland

Maryland is home to beautiful birds spread uniformly throughout the state. To get a view of the best birding sites, one could head to the wildlife refuges on the Delmarva Peninsula and catch sight of bald eagles, waterfowl, and shorebirds. The forest areas in Garret County, lying in the westernmost parts of Maryland, are a nesting place for birds like blue-headed vireo, veery, and red-breasted nuthatch. Some of the birds here are also at the risk of being endangered, like the black skimmer, common tern, and black rail.

The Maryland / District of Columbia Records Committee or MRC identifies 456 species in Maryland per the July 2021 records. While 117 are rare throughout the state, 64 rarely occur only in some parts. The two extinct species include the heath hen and passenger pigeon.

The Baltimore oriole has been designated as Maryland’s state bird since 1947. 

Birds of Maryland

  • Baltimore Oriole
  • Osprey
  • American Crow
  • Northern Cardinal
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • White-throated Sparrow
  • Bald Eagle
  • American Goldfinch
  • Cedar Waxwing
  • Black Rail
  • American  Robin
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Gull-billed Tern
  • Hooded Merganser
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker
  • Prothonotary Warbler
  • Black Skimmer
  • Yellow Warbler
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak
  • Mourning Dove
  • Brown Pelican
  • Tundra Swan
  • Piping Plover
  • Sedge Wren
  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • Chimney Swift
  • Purple Martin
  • Carolina Chickadee
  • Common Tern
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Barn Owl
  • Mallard
  • Mourning Warbler
  • Snowy Egret
  • Pied-billed Grebe
  • American Kestrel
  • Black Vulture
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Royal Tern
  • Horned Grebe
  • Swainson’s Warbler
  • Great-horned Owl
  • Short-eared Owl
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Wilson’s Plover
  • Wild Turkey
  • Snowy Owl
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Canada Goose
  • Northern Bobwhite Quail
  • Wood Duck
  • Ruffed Grouse
  • Gray Catbird
  • Northern Harrier
  • Eastern Screech Owl
  • White-breasted Nuthatch
  • Long-eared Owl
  • Rough-legged Hawk
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Backyard Birds:

All-year-round: Northern Cardinal, American Goldfinch, Downy Woodpecker, Carolina Chickadee, Carolina Wren

Migratory Birds:

In Summer: Baltimore Oriole, Snowy Egret, Common Tern, Cedar Waxwing, Pine Warbler

In Winter: Northern Mockingbird, Mourning Dove, Dark-eyed Junco, White-breasted Nuthatch, White-throated Sparrow

Water Birds: Great Blue Heron, Wood Duck, Mallard, Tundra Swan, Canada Goose

Birds of Prey: Red-tailed Hawk, Cooper’s Hawk, Northern Harrier, Rough-legged Hawk, Great-horned Owl

Common Birds Identification by Color

Black Birds

Red Birds

Blue Birds

  • Eastern Bluebird
  • Western Bluebird
  • Mountain Bluebird
  • Great Blue Heron

Yellow Birds

  • American Goldfinch
  • American Yellow Warbler
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler
  • Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker
  • Magnolia Warbler