Mojave Desert Animals

The Mojave Desert spans the states of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona in the Southeastern regions of the United States. Despite its unforgiving climate and environment, this desert is home to a wide variety of mammals, birds, reptiles, and even some amphibians and fishes.

Multiple wildlife sanctuaries, including the Mojave National Preserve and the Joshua Tree National Park, protect all these animals with unique adaptations and habitats. Most of them are native to these regions. At the same time, typical invasive animals of the country, like the American Bullfrogs, can also be found.

Animals in Mojave Desert

List of Different Types of Animals Found in the Mojave Desert


  • Desert Bighorn Sheep
  • Kit Fox
  • Desert Cottontail
  • Desert Kangaroo Rat
  • Black-tailed Jackrabbit
  • Coyote
  • Mountain Lion
  • Bobcat
  • Gray Fox
  • Mule Deer
  • Desert Woodrat
  • White-tailed Antelope Squirrel
  • California Ground Squirrel
  • Round-tailed Ground Squirrel
  • Rock Squirrel
  • Mohave Ground Squirrel
  • Western Gray Squirrel
  • Merriam’s Kangaroo Rat
  • Desert Pocket Mouse
  • Southern Grasshopper Mouse
  • Desert Shrew
  • American Badger
  • Ringtail
  • Desert Hedgehog
  • Desert Pocket Gopher
  • Spotted Skunk
  • Western Spotted Bat
  • Pallid Bat
  • California Myotis
  • Townsend’s Big-eared Bat
  • California Leaf-nosed Bat
  • Western Pipistrelle



  • Desert Tortoise
  • Chuckwalla
  • Gila Monster
  • Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Sidewinder
  • Mojave Rattlesnake
  • Coachwhip Snake
  • California Kingsnake
  • Mojave Patch-nosed Snake
  • Mohave Green Rattlesnake
  • Desert Horned Viper
  • Speckled Rattlesnake
  • Western Threadsnake
  • Desert Iguana
  • Side-blotched Lizard
  • Zebra-tailed Lizard
  • Collared Lizard
  • Horned Lizard
  • Long-nosed Leopard Lizard
  • Western Fence Lizard
  • Mojave Desert Fringe-toed Lizard
  • Western Banded Gecko
  • Desert Spiny Lizard
  • Common Checkered Whiptail


  • Red-spotted Toad
  • Couch’s Spadefoot Toad
  • Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
  • California Treefrog
  • Pacific Treefrog
  • American Bullfrog
  • Sonoran Desert Toad
  • Arizona Toad


  • Desert Pupfish
  • Saratoga Springs Pupfish
  • Shoshone Pupfish
  • Tecopa Pupfish
  • Death Valley Pupfish
  • Devils Hole Pupfish
  • Owens Pupfish
  • Mohave Tui Chub
  • Desert Sucker


  • Desert Tarantula
  • Black Widow
  • Bark Scorpion
  • Giant Desert Hairy Scorpion
  • Desert Centipede
  • Harvester Ant
  • Desert Katydid
  • Desert Clicker


1. What are the most dangerous animals in the Mojave Desert?

The place is full of dangerous carnivores like the mountain lion and coyote, while the multiple rattlesnakes found here are no less deadly. Additionally, there are insects like the desert tarantula, black widow, and giant desert hairy scorpion that would rank high on any list of dangerous animals.

2. Are there any endangered animals in the Mojave Desert?

Like all the other tortoise species, the desert tortoise is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. Apart from that, the desert bighorn sheep and the desert pupfish are two other animals from the Mojave Desert considered to be threatened.

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