Arctic Char

Arctic char is an icy cold water fish. It belongs to the Salmonidae fish family. The fish is related to trout and salmon both, thus having characteristic traits of the fishes. This shiny fish is a great show and makes a fine and healthy delicacy as well.

Scientific Classification

Salvelinus alpines

Table Of Content

Scientific Classification

Salvelinus alpines


Looks :  Arctic char has a proportionate body and head structure. Its body is slim and long with colorful scales on the body.

Color :  The fish is very colorful all over. The salt water ones have green or metallic blue backs with small spots on them. Their underneath sides are yellowish. The fresh water ones are silvery in color. They are generally multi hued, and have the spots on them.

Their flesh color ranges from icy white to orange-ish pink. Sometimes the flesh even comes in red inside.

Weight :  Usually an average Arctic char fish weighs around 3lbs to 4lbs.

Picture of Arctic Char
Picture 1 – Arctic Char Image
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Arctic char has three subspecies in North America. The three sub-species are Salvelinus alpines erithrinus, Salvelinus alpines oquassa, and Salvelinus alpines taranetzi.

Nutritional Facts

Arctic char is a very nutritious fish that is good for all ages of people to consume, unless someone is allergic to salt water fishes or fresh water fishes then the person should avoid consuming the particular species. Find out the nutrition content in every 100gm of Arctic char fish below:

Calories 137
Fat Calories 54
Total Fat 6.0g
Saturated Fat 1.56g
Cholesterol 48mg
Protein 20.8g
Omega-3 1.41g


Arctic char fishes, in their very early age, diet on organic matters and planktons at the bottom of the water body. Gradually as they grow in age and size their diet habit switches to smaller fishes and other small water creatures.

During Pregnancy

Arctic char is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. This nutrient is very important for brain development of young kids. Thus this fish is a must have in diet regime during pregnancy. This is also important for the mothers in post-natal condition during breast feeding.

Image of Arctic Char
Picture 2 – Arctic Char Photo
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Female Arctic chars liberate about 3000 eggs and the males liberate about 500 eggs in every 2-3years. The eggs hatch in spring season.


Arctic char is a very interesting species to know about. Its look, its various characteristics and habits are all very interesting to observe.

  • The fish species is being given the name after its native land, which is the northern hemisphere of the world, Arctic Circle zone.
  • Arctic char fishes come in both salt water species and fresh water species.
  • The salt water species and the fresh water ones vary only in outer body color. Not in inner flesh color, not even in taste.
  • The male species are polygamous, but the female species are monogamous in a single mating season.
  • The young Arctic char fishes stay hustled up in gravel bottoms till they are 6-7inches long in size.
  • Growth rate of the young Arctic char fishes hugely vary.
  • This fish is very tasty and nutritious for health. Consumption of Arctic char is pretty much recommended for kids, patients, and pregnant women, even in post-natal period.
  • Not known about in general, but there are three subspecies of Arctic char fish observed in North America.
  • Arctic char has a very long life span. The species lives for about 20-24years approximately.
  • This species of fish is not under threat and is perfectly safe in terms of its conservation status.
  • Arctic char fishes prefer inhabiting at the bottom of the water bodies they reside in.

Health Benefits

Arctic char is a very nutritious fish that is highly recommended for kids and pregnant women. Find the health benefits of consuming Arctic char below:

  • Eating Arctic char helps in regularizing blood pressure.
  • Consuming the fish helps in controlling hypertension.
  • The nutrition content in this fish helps in preventing cardio-vascular diseases.
  • Consumption of this fish helps in reducing blood clot formation.
  • It helps in reducing chronic physical states caused due to inflammation.
  • Consumption of Arctic char influences reduction of plaque formation in arteries.
  • It is also assumed, but not yet been reported of, that consumption of this fish can reduce cancer risks.

Photos of Arctic Char
Picture 3 – Arctic Char Eye
Source –

Distribution & Range

Arctic char fish species are found of both salt water and fresh water species. They can be found in plenty in northern hemisphere of earth. Their range widely spreads over the marine and fresh water bodies of Arctic Islands, Greenland, Iceland, and all over Northern America.


Arctic char fish species prefer deep down the bottoms of water bodies for inhabitation. Both the salt water species and fresh water species are fond of depth of the water bodies. For spawning also they choose bottom of the gravels under water.

Life Span

Arctic char fishes have long life span. In some exceptional cases they might even live up to 30years of age. An average Arctic char fish usually lives for 20years to 24years. They attain sexual maturity at the age of 10years.


Arctic char fish species, both the salt water ones and fresh water ones attain sexual maturity at the age of 10years. The male ones are polygamous in sexual nature in each season. The female ones are monogamous in a single reproduction season. They spawn during September and October months. During this period, each female group is accompanied by one male, who mates with several females of the species. While courting the females the male would circumambulate the females and then rub against them slightly. Then the females and the male in the group liberate their eggs. The liberation part takes place in day time when there is sun.

The hatchlings stay at the bottom of the gravels till they are 6-7inches in length and then they venture out. Growth rate of the Arctic char younger ones varies a lot.

Arctic Char Picture
Picture 4 – Arctic Char
Source –

Conservation Status

Arctic char fish species, both salt water species and the fresh water ones, are in the least concern state in terms of their conservation status. They are perfectly safe and are unlikely to suffer any threat in the near future.

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