The scissor-tailed flycatcher is the state bird of Oklahoma and a member of the kingbird species found in North and Central America. Attaining its name because of its long forked tail, this bird is also known as the swallow-tailed flycatcher and Texas bird-of-paradise.
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Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher Scientific Classification
Table Of Content
Table of Contents
Size – 8.7-14.6 in (22-37 cm)
Wingspan – 5.9 in (15 cm)
Weight – 1.3-2 oz (37-56.7 g)
Plumage – Black, pale gray, pink flanks and white tail; red smudges under the wings at the shoulder area and black beaks.
Savannahs make up their breeding habitat. During spring and fall, they can be found in open grasslands while their winter habitat includes urban areas or agricultural fields that are at the edge of tropical forests.
Found in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, southern Nebraska, and rarely in east or west Louisiana and southwestern Missouri and Arkansas. They migrate to Mexico, Costa Rica and sometimes even Panama during winters.
- They are territorial and do not tolerate the presence of a conspecific and aggressively chase them away.
- These social birds congregate in folks during migration.
- They groom themselves by preening, stretching, bathing and sunbathing.
- They fly by making rapid wing-beats and the folded long tail following them.
Mating and Reproduction
The breeding season is between April and August during which the male displays an aerial courtship by flying with the forks of the tail behind him. Nest building is done primarily by the female. 3-6 eggs are laid and incubated for 2-3 weeks.
Babies nestle for 2 weeks before fledging, till then food is brought to the juveniles by both parents. Up to two broods are hatched each year.
Both sexes remain sexually immature for about a year after birth, after which they start to breed.
Approximately 10-15 years.
Sounds and Communication
Their songs consist of a procession of sharp notes that rise in pitch and speed up towards the end. They also use buzz-like rattles, chirps, and squeaks.
They also threaten each other with bill-snaps during fights. Both males and females make a high-pitched whirring sound with the wings during heated encounters.
They primarily eat insects like beetles and grasshoppers, spiders, bees, wasps in summers, while they would even eat berries for additional food during winters.
Their long tails provide them with adequate agility to help them hawk for insects in flight mid-air.
They are hunted by birds of prey like ravens and hawks.
IUCN Conservation Status
The IUCN Red list has categorized this bird under ‘Least Concern’.
- They were previously called Muscivora forficate, where ‘musca’ in Latin means ‘to fly’ and ‘vorare’ means ‘to devour’, ‘forficata’ means scissors. This was changed to ‘Tyrannus’ to respect their aggressiveness during the breeding season, taking on larger birds of prey.
- It contributes towards keeping the ecosystem as its diet comprises of pests and insects that destroy crops.
- Besides hay and grass, their nesting material also consists of human items including cigarette butts, paper, cloth, strings, etc.